There are debates all over the country about the effectiveness of cannabis as a cancer treatment. These debates center around what the drug can do to help cancer patients, and whether it is more beneficial or not than traditional treatments. While there is still research happening and the debates rage on, there are a few things we currently know about cannabis and cancer.
Evidence of Cancer Killing Properties
In animal studies, cannabis oil has been shown to kill some types of cancer cells, while reducing the size of other types of cancer cells. Some extracts from marijuana plants have even been shown to reduce serious brain tumors in one animal study. These statements have been added to the official fact sheet for the National Institute on Drug Abuse. In addition to animal studies, there are numerous personal accounts and anecdotes about cannabis helping to reduce and kill cancer cells in humans around the world.
Help With Nausea and Vomiting
If you have cancer and have been through chemotherapy treatment, you know there are several side effects to to deal with. Some of the most common side effects include nausea and vomiting. In fact, for many chemotherapy patients, it is extremely difficult to keep food down regularly. Some studies recently have shown that smoked marijuana can help curb nausea and keep patients from vomiting. However, there is much more research to be done on this. Other studies are needed to find whether cannabis in other forms is effective in helping with nausea and vomiting, as well.
Side Effects of Cannabis
It’s important to remember that just like any other drug out there, cannabis does have side effects to take into consideration. While medical marijuana has been legalized in some states and there is even an approved cannabinoid medication—dronabinol—this doesn’t mean that it is without potential problems. Increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure, and light-headedness are common side effects of cannabis use. There is also the possibility of worsening depression, mania, and other mood disorders. Less serious side effects include sleepiness, poor coordination, and dry mouth. It’s important to weigh the side effects against the benefits of any drug.
Looking at the Future
Right now, studies are continuing to help prove whether cannabis is a good treatment for cancer symptoms. However, the drug is still classified as a Schedule I, meaning that under federal law in the United States marijuana cannot legally be possessed, sold, or even prescribed. As more states allow medical marijuana legalization, it is possible this may change. Scientific studies for the use of cannabis in treatments has been severely limited due to the classification of the drug. In April 2016, the DEA allowed a clinical trial of smoked marijuana, and many hope that these studies will continue.
While many feel that cannabis is a great treatment option for cancer, others are still hesitant to use or prescribe the drug. There simply is not enough scientific evidence to truly prove one way or the other whether marijuana is the best option for those suffering from cancer.