Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect how the body processes glucose (sugar). These diseases include: prediabetes, type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Types 1 and 2 are chronic conditions whereas prediabetes and gestational diabetes can be reversible. All of these conditions cause excess sugar in the bloodstream which can lead to serious health problems. Insulin regulates blood sugar levels by allowing glucose to enter the cells. Therefore, Insulin therapy can be used for types 1 and 2 to control glucose levels in the blood stream.
Treatment depends on the type of diabetes. Both type 1 and type 2 benefit from measuring blood sugar levels, insulin therapy and sometimes: pancreas stimulating medications, transplants and even bariatric surgery. All forms of diabetes can be combated with exercise and healthy eating.