From aiding victims of disasters to sitting calmly at the bedside of those battling illness, comfort dogs can lend helping paws to those who need it most. Animal therapy for chronic pain can offer those who are struggling with a type of therapy that addresses both their pain and health concerns that can exacerbate pain.
What is animal therapy?
While service animals are trained to do specific tasks that benefit their handlers, therapy animals provide “psychological and physiological therapy to individuals other than their handlers.” These animals – typically dogs – are known to be friendly and calm and visit places such as:
- daycare facilities
- rehab centers
- nursing homes
The American Kennel Club even has a program that recognizes the work of dogs in such places. The program “awards official AKC titles to dogs who have worked to improve the lives of the people they have visited.”
What are the benefits of animal therapy for chronic pain?
Animal therapy can be an ideal step in your pain management journey. There is an undeniable bond between humans and animals. Research shows that companionship can provide healing in the forms of pain relief, improved mood, reduced stress and reduced fatigue.
Therapy dogs can also reduce pain by:
- decreasing your heart rate, blood pressure and breathing rate
- reducing your stress hormones like epinephrine, norepinephrine and cortisol
- boosting your endorphins (these are your body’s natural painkillers)
- increasing feelings of confidence and self-worth
- benefitting your overall immune system
- increasing your levels of oxytocin (this is a hormone that you can alter your response to pain)
- easing feelings of anxiety and isolation
Chronic pain often requires a multifaceted approach to manage. It can leave you with side effects that are misunderstood – and even overlooked – by your health care team, family, friends, coworkers and society at large. What is a more ideal way to find relief from what often cannot be explained with words than through the comfort provided by a therapy dog?
What is an animal therapy visit like?
While we all know that service dogs are working dogs who are focused solely on the needs of their handlers, therapy dogs are encouraged to interact with people. If you’re interested in the therapeutic benefit of visiting with an animal, you may be wondering what happens during these visits. Here’s a look at a few of the many possibilities:
- Therapy dogs can visit with children and young adults to help them manage chronic mental anguish such as PTSD
- They can also promote social engagement for those struggling with chronic cognitive disorders.
- Therapy dogs can help those waiting to be seen by their doctors and those recovering from treatment a much-needed sense of calm.
- They can collaborate with those in health care to prompt patients to open up about their pain.
- They can provide relief during painful medical experiences such as cancer or when patients are receiving palliative care.
The American Kennel Club recommends that therapy dogs be “naturally calm, friendly and affectionate to strangers.” The organization also notes they should be:
- well-trained in basic obedience
- healthy and have regular wellness check-ups
- able to easily adapt to novel noises, places, smells, and equipment
- well-groomed, clean and brushed at the time of all visits
Paws up: animal therapy for chronic pain
Dogs aren’t put off by sadness or other signs of emotional distress like humans often are. Instead, they respond to such feelings with companionship. You may find a connection with a therapy dog that you haven’t found in friends or family.
To find a furry counselor in your area, start by clicking here.
Need an instant emotional pick-me-up? Read about the healing power of Ivy, a Chihuahua who provides animal therapy.
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