Losing a loved one, moving away, being unable to find a job and uncertainty about the future can cause anyone to feel anxious, and even sad at times. However, there is a difference between feeling unhappy or concerned every now and then and experiencing these feelings for no apparent reason, especially when the feelings are experienced on a deeper level or over a longer period of time.
According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), “in the case of individuals who are diagnosed with depression as a psychiatric disorder, the manifestations of the low mood are much more severe and they tend to persist.”
Clinical anxiety and depression and psychiatric disorders, and they manifest in many different ways. The most commonly diagnosed form of depression is Major Depressive Disorder. In 2015 16.1 million adults in the U.S. (about 6.7 percent of the population) were diagnosed with this form of depression, and it is the single leading cause of disability in people aged 15-44.
While depression and anxiety must be carefully monitored by health professionals and therapists to determine the best mode of treatment, people often wonder if there are changes that they themselves have control over that will lead to improvements in how they feel and their overall quality of life.
The ADAA recommends several things you can do to help manage stress and anxiety on three levels: mind, action and body.
On the mind level, you can:
- Accept that you cannot control everything
- Do your best
- Maintain a positive attitude
- Learn what triggers the anxiety
Here are some concrete actions you can take to help manage stress and anxiety that can lead to a depressive episode:
- Take deep breaths when you are feeling stressed
- Slowly count to 10
- Give back to the community; volunteering helps create a support network to give you a break from stress
- Take a time out to meditate, pray, practice yoga, or whatever works best for you
- Talk to someone about what you are feeling
There are also several things you can do with your body that will help manage stress and anxiety that can lead to a depressive episode or anxiety attack:
- Limit alcohol and caffeine; they can aggravate anxiety and trigger panic attacks.
- Get enough sleep; your body needs more sleep and rest when you are stressed.
- Exercise daily; it will help you maintain good health and help you feel better.
- Eat well-balanced meals
This last point tells us that you can, indeed take action to help manage how you feel, even through eating food! In the remaining part of this article, we will focus on foods to avoid in order to help you manage anxiety and stress.
10 Worst Foods for Anxiety and Stress
Coffee, as you probably know, is high in caffeine, which is a stimulant that can cause jitters, palpitations and anxiety in people susceptible to it. Stay away from coffee and opt for herbal teas instead for your hot beverage fix.
Alcohol alters brain function, and can lead to deeper depression and addictive behaviors. It is important to stay away from potentially addictive substances at all costs if you are at risk of, or diagnosed with, depression or anxiety.
3. Potato Chips
Potato chips and other processed savory foods are very high in sodium. Eating foods high in sodium on a regular basis can increase your blood pressure, trigger the body’s stress response and potentially lead to hypertension.
4. Glazed doughnuts
Glazed doughnuts are easy to find, admittedly delicious, and easy to eat. However, they are high in added sugar, refined carbohydrates and fat. These seem to make you feel better in the moment, but alter your bodily chemicals. If you aren’t exercising, it makes your body feel jittery and more anxious.
5. Ice Cream
We have all seen those movies and TV shows that shows the stereotype of the woman who is going through a hard time with her partner and is eating ice cream right from the tub. As mentioned previously, we crave sugar when we are stressed, but ice cream is high in refined sugar, which can increase stress hormones and make your glucose levels (and thus insulin levels) skyrocket.
6. Chocolate bars
Chocolate bars have the same effects as the previous two foods. That being said, this is a good example of the connection between food and self-esteem. Binging on high calorie foods when we are feeling down often leads to body image dissatisfaction and low self-esteem. This, in turn, can worsen depression.
7. French Fries
It is easy to eat too many of these, and they have many of the same negative effects on our bodies as potato chips.
8. Canned soups
Canned soups contain a preservative substance called bisphenol A (BPA), which is still used in most plastic containers and tin can liners. BPA is a chemical that acts like a hormone, and can throw off mood stabilizing elements of the brain and nervous system, and can even alter the part of the brain that mediates stress. Stay away from it at all costs!
Juices, even natural ones, take out all of the good fiber from fruit and, instead deliver mostly the easily digested carbs, thus elevating blood sugar. Blood sugar spikes lead to insulin highs, which can alter stress mediation in the body.
10. Fast Food
Okay, while it is not exactly one food, fast food in general is the epitome of everything described above. Stay away from fast food if you are at risk of or experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety.
What should I eat instead?
Instead of eating these foods, opt for lots of fruits and vegetables in easy-to-eat portions, whole grains, nuts and seeds and lean protein, like fish and chicken. Managing symptoms of depression and anxiety must be a team effort between you, your therapist and/or physician and your support network. Taking concrete actions, like avoiding certain foods and eating more of others, helps you take your illness into your hands, improving your sense of self-esteem and power over your situation.